facebook

How Many Sections Are There On the GRE?
Here is What to Expect In Each

William Cohen
Published by William Cohen
Last Updated On: July 13, 2021

About to register for the GRE? Congratulations! This is the one test standing between you and your dream grad school.

Before you start your test prep, you must know what to expect. Find out how many sections the GRE has, what questions you’ll get, and how to achieve high scores below.

The GRE General Test Structure: Six Sections

A close up image of a student using a pen to write answers on a GRE test

The GRE General Test tests three subject areas but has six sections in total. This is because you get not one, but two sections per subject area: analytical writing, verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning. (Well, it’s kind of different for the writing section, but we’ll discuss that below.)

On the actual, computer-delivered GRE, you may get one extra section that will be unscored or used for research purposes only. Here’s an overview of the structure of the GRE straight from the maker of the test, the ETS[1]:

Subject areas  Sections  Length in minutes per section
1. Analytical Writing 1 (2 tasks/questions: Analyze an Issue and Analyze an Argument) 60 (30 per each task)
2. Verbal Reasoning 2 (20 test questions per section) 30
3. Quantitative Reasoning 2 (20 test questions per section) 35
4. Unscored, Experimental, or Research Varies Varies
Total length: 3 hours and 45 minutes

The ETS didn’t define the order in which the sections must appear on the GRE exam. Except for one general rule: the analytical writing section always comes first.

After that, the sections appear in no particular order. The GRE lasts for 3 hours and 45 minutes in total and the time is split between sections.

In general, you’ll get 30 minutes per section. Only the quant section lasts 35 minutes.

1. Analytical Writing Section

The analytical writing section consists of two tasks but is treated as one section. You’ll have to write two essays that answer the question presented in each task:

  • Task #1 - “Analyze an Issue” - discuss in your essay the degree to which you agree or disagree with the claim made in the writing prompt, support your perspective with rational arguments, use specific examples
  • Task #2 - “Analyze an Argument” - evaluate the argument made in the prompt, analyze the assumptions it’s based on, discuss how we could prove the truth of the argument

You’ll have 30 minutes per task and you should be aware of how long should a GRE essay be.

  • How the ETS calculates your scores: 0-6, in half-point increments

What it evaluates:

The analytical writing section evaluates students’ ability to:

  • present complex ideas in an easy-to-understand way
  • support your claims with rational arguments and examples
  • interpret the text and understand the author’s main points
  • apply the rules of written English

To help you ace this part of the GRE, we've crafted a perfect GRE analytical writing template, so be sure to check it out.

Read More: Top GRE Analytical Writing Tips

2. Verbal Reasoning Section

A sketch filled with essay writing

The verbal reasoning part of the test includes three types of questions:

Here’s what you’ll be expected to do for each question type:

  • Reading comprehension - answer questions about a given written passage
  • Text completion - fill in the blanks with the correct word from the answer choices
  • Sentence equivalence - fill in the blank with two words that complete a sentence in an equivalent way (the sentence must mean the same thing when either word is used)

You’ll have 30 minutes per section.

  • How the ETS calculates your scores: 130-170, in 1-point increments

What it evaluates:

This section evaluates students’ ability to:

  • infer and differentiate between main, minor, and irrelevant points in a text
  • understand the meaning of advanced vocabulary words, sentences, and texts, as well as relationships between these elements
  • summarize, analyze, and interpret the text

3. Quantitative Reasoning Section

Close up image of a green pencil shading the letter a on an exam paper

The quantitative reasoning part of the GRE test includes four types of questions:

  • Quantitative comparison
  • Multiple choice
  • Multiple answers
  • Numeric entry

Students often confuse multiple choice questions with multiple answer questions. These are similar, as they both present you with several answer choices.

But, in the case of multiple-choice questions, there’s only one correct answer. Multiple answer questions, however, have multiple correct answers. You should choose one or more correct options from the answer choices you get.

You’ll have 35 minutes per section in this part of the test. We highly recommend you to take a look at our post about the hardest GRE math questions.

  • How the ETS calculates your scores: 130-170, in 1-point increments

What it measures:

The quantitative reasoning section evaluates students’ ability to:

  • apply the rules of data analysis
  • understand, interpret and analyze math concepts
  • apply models and rules of mathematics to solve problems

“Educating the mind without educating the heart is no education at all.”

 

Aristotle

Unscored Section and Experimental Section

Your test may or may not include unscored or experimental sections. These sections don’t count towards your GRE score.

They appear in no particular order, except that they always come after analytical writing. This means they can either be a part of the quant or verbal section.

There’s also no set number of questions you can get in these sections. You will know if there’s an additional section on your test.

Instead of two sections on verbal reasoning and quantitative reasoning, you’ll get three. However, you won’t know which section won’t show up on your score report, as they’re not marked in any way.

You should treat each section as if it influences your final score—something that many test-takers overlook. Your test may also include a research section.

And, yes, the research section is more user-friendly: you’ll know which section it is and you can skip it! It won’t count towards your final score either.

GRE General Test: Computer-based and adaptive

A teacher checking exam papers with his laptop on

Since the GRE General Test is administered via a computer, it can adapt the question types and difficulty level according to the knowledge and skills you demonstrate during the test.

The difficulty level of your test will be taken into account when calculating your score. Many practice tests available online simulate the computer-delivered GRE you’ll encounter on your test day.

This means these tests adapt your questions just like the real GRE. Try them out during your test prep.

The ETS offers two free official practice tests. You can also find paid versions on the ETS website and include them in your GRE prep.[2]

The Bottom Line

The GRE General Test tests three subject areas: verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, and writing. Mostly, it consists of six sections. Apart from the analytical writing section, which is treated as a whole, every subject area gets two sections.

However, your GRE may include an additional section that won’t influence your score and appears in no particular order. Unless it’s marked, you won’t know which one it is and you should treat it as if it counts towards your score.

Also, ensure you understand the questions you’ll get. Differentiate multiple choice from multiple answer questions so you don’t unnecessarily lose points.

References:

  1. https://www.ets.org/gre/revised_general/about/structure/
  2. https://www.ets.org/gre/revised_general/prepare/powerprep/

About the author

William Cohen

William Cohen

William is an electrical engineer whose great passion is helping promising students achieve their goals and dreams. He enjoys sharing his knowledge and expertise with aspiring learners from all over the world.

Add Comment

Click here to post a comment